Threats Iraq faces are complicated
Iraq is facing great and complicated threats, including terrorism, sectarian and ethnic conflicts, and intervention by other states.
Iraq contributed to human civilization where writing was used, and laws were enacted for the first time. However, Iraq suffered from three major invasions: The Mongol invasion of 1258, which destroyed it in a very brutal manner.
The British invasion of Iraq after World War I was declared liberation rather than occupation, but contrary to that promise, Britain and France divided the Middle East. In 1920, the people of Iraq revolted against the British colonial rule, and ultimately the country was put under the mandate system of the League of Nations, and in 1932 became a member of that organization.
The United States invasion of 2003 was the third, and conducted on false claims of weapons of mass destruction, and connection with Al-Qaeda terrorist group. The United States’ invasion was able, though temporarily, to destroy the spirit of the Iraqi people by dismantling the state, and consolidating ethnic and sectarian differences which led to the terrorist activities.
The best method to fight terrorism in Iraq today is by urging the United Nations to help transforming Iraq into real democracy, and rebuilding its state.
Iraq will again play a role in the world once terrorism, and sectarianism are defeated, and true democracy and decent government are established.
Araim is adjunct professor of political science at Diablo Valley College and a member of the Elected Council of the Interfaith Council of Contra Costa County